Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is sudden damage to the brain caused by a blow or jolt to the head. Common causes include car or motorcycle crashes, falls, sports injuries, and assaults. Injuries can range from mild concussions to severe permanent brain damage. While treatment for mild TBI may include rest and medication, severe TBI may require intensive care and life-saving surgery. Those who survive a brain injury can face lasting effects in their physical and mental abilities as well as emotions and personality. Most people who suffer moderate to severe TBI will need rehabilitation to recover and relearn skills.
Tips to reduce the risk for a head injury:
-Always wear your helmet when riding a bicycle, motorcycle, skateboard, or all-terrain vehicle.
-Never drive under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
-Always wear your seat belt and ensure that children are secured in the appropriate child safety seats.
-Avoid falls in the home by keeping unsecured items off the floor, installing safety features such as non-slip mats in the bathtub, handrails on stairways, and -keeping items off of stairs.
-Avoid falls by exercising to increase strength, balance, and coordination.
-Store firearms in a locked cabinet with bullets in a separate location.
-Wear protective headgear while playing sports.